Archive for the ‘Indiana’ category

Weekly Blog Update for Week of 3/23: Connecticut Supreme Court Reverses Scholastic Decision; Georgia and Marlyand Lawmakers Address Amazon Bills; Kansas Legislature Approves Single-Sales-Factor Apportionment Bill…and More

March 26, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler



Connecticut Finds Scholastic Used Teachers to Sell Books Creating Nexus to Subject it to Sales Tax

The Connecticut Supreme Court reversed a lower court’s decision and held that Scholastic Book Clubs, Inc. was subject to state sales tax because in-state school teachers acted as its representatives, thereby creating the requisite nexus to justify imposing the tax.  For prior coverage of this issue, click here.



Georgia Lawmakers Approve “Amazon” Bill

The Georgia Senate approved legislation, HB 386, which would create click-through nexus and establish a phase-out of the sales tax on energy used in manufacturing.



Indiana Supreme Court Holds Out-of-State Service Provider’s Promotional Materials Subject to Tax

The Indiana Supreme Court held that an out-of-state online service provider, AOL, Inc., was subject to Indiana use tax on promotional materials that it distributed to in-state individuals.  The court found that the transactions through which AOL obtained the promotional materials it sent to in-state residents from its assembly houses and letter shops constituted retail transactions and were therefore subject to state tax once AOL used the property in-state.



Kansas Senate Approves Single-Sales-Factor Legislation

The Kansas Senate approved legislation, HB 2157, which would enact a single-sales-factor apportionment method for certain corporations relocating to the state.  The apportionment method would be available beginning in tax year 2013 for those businesses with no employees in the state and with no real or tangible personal property in the state prior to January 1, 2013.



Maryland Legislature Strips Bill of “Amazon” Language

The Maryland House amended legislation, SB 523, by pulling language pertaining to an “Amazon” law.  The amendment deleted language that would have required remote sellers to collect sales taxes on purchases by in-state buyers.  The House also revised the proposed individual income tax increase.



Minnesota Legislature Passes Bill to Phase-Out State’s Business Property Tax

The Minnesota House of Representatives passed legislation, HF 2337, which would phase-out the state’s business property tax.  The legislation would gradually reduce the tax, until an ultimate elimination of the tax during tax year 2025.  The legislation would also offer a tax credit in lieu of the current foreign operating corporation deduction.



South Carolina Publishes Revenue Ruling on Software

The South Carolina Department of Revenue issued a Revenue Ruling dealing with sellers who sell and deliver software via a laptop to the buyer’s location.  Where the seller downloads the software via the internet or other wireless connection and then terminates the connection, taking the laptop when the download is complete and leaving no tangible software behind, the transaction is not subject to South Carolina sales tax.


South Carolina Supreme Court Rules for Taxpayer in Bi-furcated Apportionment Case; Places Burden on DOR

In a victory for the taxpayer, the South Carolina Supreme Court held that where the South Carolina Department of Revenue (“DOR”) attempts to deviate from the standard method of apportionment, the DOR must bear the burden of proving both that the standard method should not be used and that the alternative method is reasonable and more appropriate than any of the opposing methods.



Tennessee Legislature Considers Phase-Out of Stat’s Inheritance Tax

The Tennessee General Assembly passed legislation, SB 3762/HB 3760, which would phase-out the state’s inheritance tax.  Pursuant to the legislation, the tax would be repealed by 2016.

Weekly Update for 3/16

March 19, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler


Arizona Court Holds that Cooperative Direct Mail Advertising is Not Subject to Use Tax

The Arizona Appeals Court held that cooperative direct mail advertising was not subject to the state’s use tax, since the dominant purpose of the taxpayer’s business was to obtain nontaxable design, mailing and printing services, and not tangible personal property.


Indiana Legislature Passes Bill to Phase Out Inheritance Tax

The Indiana General Assembly has passed legislation, SB 293, which will phase out the state’s inheritance tax, gradually reducing the rate until it hits zero during 2022.   The phase out would be retroactive to January 1st.


Kansas House Approves Bill to Alter State Income Tax Structure

The Kansas House approved legislation, SB 177, which would make several modifications to the state’s income tax structure.  The legislation includes changes to the state’s sales tax exemption and business income exemption provisions, formulaic individual income tax rate reductions, Rural Opportunity Zone expansions, tax credits and more.


Maryland Senate Approves “Amazon” Law

The Maryland Senate has approved legislation, SB 523, which includes an “Amazon” law and an income tax increase.  The bill would add three additional tax brackets and rates and would impose a flat tax on those filers making more than $500,000.  The bill also contains affiliate nexus/”Amazon” language.


Michigan Court of Appeals Finds Taxpayer Could Not Collaterally Attack Underlying Assessment

The Michigan Court of Appeals held that a taxpayer could not appeal a use tax assessment, as the sole shareholder and responsible corporate officer of a retailer, where the taxpayer’s appeal was untimely and where he was statutorily precluded from collaterally attacking the underlying assessment.


New Jersey Legislature Passes “Amazon” Law

The New Jersey Assembly has passed legislation, A 2608, which would give a temporary sales tax collection exemption in exchange for job creation.  Pursuant to the bill, those retailers that make capital investments of at least $130 million and create at least 1,500 full-time jobs in the state would not have nexus until July 1, 2013.

New Jersey Legislature Passes Bill Expanding State’s Nexus Rules

The New Jersey Assembly passed legislation, A 2608, which would expand the state’s nexus rules by creating nexus for sellers that use in-state affiliates to perform activities to aid in business development or to maintain a New Jersey business market.  Moreover, the bill would create nexus for out-of-state businesses with distribution centers or subsidiaries in the state.


Philadelphia DOR Releases 2012 KOZ Booklet

The Philadelphia Department of Revenue has released its 2012 Philadelphia Keystone Opportunity Zone Programs Booklet, which provides guidance on calculations, credits, two-factor apportionment formula, and more.


Tennessee General Assembly Approves Bill to Exempt Amazon from Tax

The Tennessee General Assembly passed legislation, HB 2370, which would temporarily exempt from collecting state sales tax.  Pursuant to the legislation, will build new facilities in the state and create thousands of jobs, in exchange for sales tax exemption through January 1, 2014.  The bill is now awaiting the Governor’s signature.


Texas Announces Amnesty Program Slated for June 2012

Texas has announced that it will offer a tax amnesty program for businesses, during which it will waive all interest and penalties for taxpayers that file or amend delinquent tax reports and pay all taxes due.  Reports originally due prior to April 1, 2012 are eligible, and the amnesty program will run from June 12 through August 17, 2012.

Weekly Update for 3/2: Georgia Considers “Amazon” Law; Verizon Challenges Statute of Limitations in Florida Assessment; Maryland Rules on Statute of Limitations for Refund…and more.

March 5, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler


Colorado DOR Issues Letter Ruling Discussing Tax Exempt Status of Photovoltaic Energy Systems

The Colorado Department of Revenue issued a letter ruling explaining the sales exempt status of photovoltaic energy systems.  The letter ruling clarified that a company or customer who purchases photovoltaic energy systems is exempt from sales tax because all sales and uses of qualifying renewable energy components are entitled to the renewable component exemption.


Verizon Business Purchasing, LLC Challenges Florida Sales and Use Tax Assessment

Verizon Business Purchasing, LLC has filed a complaint challenging a $3 million Florida sales and use tax assessment, claiming that the statute of limitations expired prior to the proposed assessment becoming final.  The complaint alleges that the final assessment was invalid because although the parties agreed to extend that statute of limitations until March 31, 2011, the notice of proposed assessment was issued with less than sixty days left in the statute of limitations period. Therefore, the complaint contends, it did not become a final assessment until the expiration of the sixty days, on April 11, 2011, which was after the statute of limitations had lapsed.


Georgia House Considers “Amazon” Law

The Georgia House of Representatives is considering legislation, HB 993, which would implement click-through nexus and similar provisions, aimed at requiring out-of-state online retailers to collect state sales tax.  The legislation contains a threshold that must be met: an out-of-state online retailer must have at least $10,000 in annual sales through in-state affiliates receiving a commission in order to be subject to collecting the tax.


Hawaii Senate Committee Passes Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Legislation

The Hawaii Senate Ways and Means Committee passed legislation, SB 2226, which would bring the state into conformity with the Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement.


U.S. Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments in Armour v. Indianapolis

The United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Armour v. Indianapolis, which tackles an equal protection challenge.  During 2001, Indianapolis gave taxpayers the option of paying upfront or in monthly installments for special assessments related to the connection of their properties to city sewers.  The case challenges the city’s decision not to provide refunds to taxpayers who paid a sewer special assessment in lump sum, while forgiving outstanding balances for those taxpayers who entered into installment plans.  The Indiana Supreme Court held that the Board had a rational basis for its decision to deny refunds while eliminating outstanding balances.

Indiana House Approves Legislation to Phase-Out Inheritance Tax

The Indiana House approved legislation, SB 293, which would phase-out Indiana’s inheritance tax by increasing the exemption for children and grandchildren from $100,000 to $250,000.  The increase would apply to decedents dying after July 1, 2012.


Maryland Rules on Statute of Limitations for Refund

The Maryland Court of Appeals ruled that the one-year statute of limitations for the filing of a limited partner’s state income tax refund claim pursuant to a federal adjustment of the partnership return began to run on the date that the Internal Revenue Service issued its final adjustment report to the limited partner.  Since the taxpayer filed its claim for refund more than one year after the date that the Internal Revenue Service issued its final adjustment report, the taxpayer’s refund was denied.


Minnesota Considers Legislation to Classify Jurisdictions as Tax Havens

Two separate bills, HF 2480 and SF 2029, currently under consideration by the Minnesota legislature would classify 34 foreign jurisdictions as tax havens, thereby terminating the ability of corporations to shelter their earnings in those areas. The legislation would also repeal the state’s foreign royalty exclusion, eliminate the state’s preferences for foreign-source income, and eliminate the state’s transition to single-sales-factor, instead re-implementing the three-factor formula.


Nevada Supreme Court Reverses Dismissal of Property Tax Petition for Board’s Failure to Conduct Public Hearings

The Nevada Supreme Court reversed the dismissal of property taxpayers’ petition for writ of mandamus directing the State Board of Equalization to equalize property valuations throughout the state, because the Board failed to conduct public hearings thereby denying the taxpayers an adequate remedy at law.


New York Issues Guidance on Application of Sales Tax to Gratuities and Service Charges

The New York Department of Taxation and Finance issued guidance explaining how sales tax applies to gratuities and service charges.  The guidance clarifies that mandatory gratuities and service charges are exempt if: (1) the charges are shown separately on a bill; (2) identified as gratuities; and (3) the entire gratuity amount is given to the employees.


Federal Court Rules Against Oklahoma Indian Tribe’s Tobacco Tax Claims

A Federal Court held that an Indian tribe located in Oklahoma had failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted in its complaint.  The complaint alleged that Oklahoma’s tobacco tax laws violated various constitutional rights and federal laws.  However, the court found that the claims were not valid either on grounds of preemption or on infringement of the tribe’s right to self-government.


Washington Legislation Would Abolish Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Some Out-of-State Shoppers

Legislation, HB 2791, currently under review by Washington’s House would abolish the sales and use tax exemption for certain out-of-state shoppers.  The exemption would no longer be available for residents of the U.S. and Canada whose province or state assesses consumption taxes of less than three percent.

2011 Year-End SALT Update

January 6, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler


Arizona DOR Finds Nexus for Sales Representatives Providing Customer Support and Training

Of course it had nexus: Arizona DOR rules that corporation has substantial nexus due to presence of sales representatives who provide customer support and training.


Weekly SALT Update Nov. 7, 2011

November 7, 2011

 By Paul Masters with contributions by Jennifer Weidler in Chamberlain’s Philadelphia office.

State Regulations and Public Notices

California Board of Equalization issues a proposal to amend the definition of “retailers engaged in business in this state,” in conformance with AB 155. It will take effect either September 15, 2012 or January 2013. The effect of this change would be to expand the requirement for retailers to register with the Board and remit California use taxes, or to be subject to payment of these use taxes on such failure to remit.

Utah State Tax Commission notifies public of proposed rule change implementing three-factor formula for apportionment It also requires services to be “inUtah” if the benefit inUtah exceeds that received in any other state, and sets forth rules for the apportionment of income from intangible property.

Indiana Department of Revenue issues information bulletin on application of sales tax to restaurants, and a dealer must pay sales tax on the value of cars not used by sales staff, services to setup rented property are included as taxable as part of the rental receipts, cleaning agents do not qualify for manufacturing exemption, and no public transportation exemption for company that did not document sale of trucking services for hire – listed wrong on invoice. And in an expanded discussion, the DOR rules a manufacturer must pay use tax on HVAC equipment essential for manufacturing operations.

And then there were seven: Ohio revises its requirement for Ohio car dealers to collect Ohio sales tax on non-resident purchases of cars to be taken out of state, with collection required for seven states.

Colorado DOR revises FYI detailing responsibility of taxpayer to pay sales tax on vending machine receipts. Colorado DOR revises FYI 62 regarding rules on collecting local sales tax to be remitted to the state. (more…)