Archive for the ‘Arizona’ category

Weekly Blog Update for Week of 4/20: Alabama Rules in Favor of Online Travel Companies; Georgia Enacts “Amazon” Legislation; STEB Announces Revised Ratio for Philadelphia County; New Mexico Finds Barnes & Noble Trademarks Establish Nexus…and more.

April 23, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler

ALABAMA

Alabama House Approves Legislation to Update Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights

The Alabama House approved a substitute version of a Bill, HB 105, which would update the Alabama Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights with regard to the protocols for handling taxpayer appeals.

Alabama Supreme Court Finds for Online Travel Companies in Tax Suit

The Alabama Supreme Court affirmed a lower court’s summary judgment decision, which held that online travel companies are not engaged in the business of renting rooms or lodgings or furnished accommodations for the purposes of imposing the municipal lodgings tax upon them. For more detailed coverage of this case, click here. We previously discussed a similar holding in the case of Expedia in Philadelphia.

 

ARIZONA

Arizona House Votes to Delete Use Tax Declaration from Income Tax Forms

The Arizona House has voted to delete the use tax declaration line from its state income tax forms.SeeSB 1214.  Pursuant to SB 1214, the use line would be deleted for tax year 2012 forward.  While the specific use tax declaration line would be deleted from the income tax forms, Arizona residents would still owe use tax on their purchases of goods from out-of-state.

 

GEORGIA

Georgia Governor Signs “Amazon” Legislation

The Georgia Governor signed “Amazon” legislation, HB 386, which establishes click-through nexus in the state.

 

MICHIGAN

Michigan Tax Tribunal Finds Corporate Officer Personally Liable for Tax Deficiency of Company

The Michigan Tax Tribunal held that an individual corporate officer was liable for a company’s sales tax deficiency because the individual was a corporate officer during the relevant time period and failed to prove that he resigned, relinquished or otherwise absolved himself of responsibility for filing and paying the taxes.  As such, the court held that there was subject to corporate officer liability for the taxes at issue.

 

NEW MEXICO

New Mexico Court Holds Barnes & Noble Trademarks Sufficient to Establish Nexus

A New Mexico appellate court has held that a taxpayer who was an online bookseller had substantial nexus through the in-state use of Barnes & Noble trademarks.  Barnes & Noble did not own or lease property in the state, nor did it have any temporary or permanent employees therein. Although the taxpayer was a separate limited liability company, the court found that the in-state activities that were performed under Barnes & Noble trademarks were sufficient to establish nexus since Barnes & Noble’s in-state retail stores created goodwill behind the trademarks where the trademarks were used on and in its in-state stores.  Moreover, the online retailer created goodwill by further advertising for Barnes & Noble and selling gift cards which could be used at the online store or at the physical Barnes & Noble locations.

 

PENNSYLVANIA

Commonwealth Court Holds Company Eligible to Compute Franchise Tax Using Holding Company Apportionment Method

The Commonwealth Court held that a company whose activities consisted of providing corporate oversight to twenty-two (22) wholly owned subsidiaries fell within the definition of a “holding company” where the goodwill that it recorded on the corporation’s balance sheets as an asset was included in its subsidiaries’ actual stock value.  As such, the court held that the company was eligible to compute the franchise tax utilizing the 10% holding company apportionment method.

STEB Announces Revised Common Level Ratio for Philadelphia County for 2010

The State Tax Equalization Board (“STEB”) issued an announcement revising its certified Common Level Ratio (“CLR”) for tax year 2010 in relation to Philadelphia County.  STEB revised the CLR to 25.2% from 18.1%.  In order to arrive at the revised figure, STEB used revised data that was submitted by Philadelphia County.

Weekly Update for 3/16

March 19, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler

ARIZONA

Arizona Court Holds that Cooperative Direct Mail Advertising is Not Subject to Use Tax

The Arizona Appeals Court held that cooperative direct mail advertising was not subject to the state’s use tax, since the dominant purpose of the taxpayer’s business was to obtain nontaxable design, mailing and printing services, and not tangible personal property.

INDIANA

Indiana Legislature Passes Bill to Phase Out Inheritance Tax

The Indiana General Assembly has passed legislation, SB 293, which will phase out the state’s inheritance tax, gradually reducing the rate until it hits zero during 2022.   The phase out would be retroactive to January 1st.

KANSAS

Kansas House Approves Bill to Alter State Income Tax Structure

The Kansas House approved legislation, SB 177, which would make several modifications to the state’s income tax structure.  The legislation includes changes to the state’s sales tax exemption and business income exemption provisions, formulaic individual income tax rate reductions, Rural Opportunity Zone expansions, tax credits and more.

MARYLAND

Maryland Senate Approves “Amazon” Law

The Maryland Senate has approved legislation, SB 523, which includes an “Amazon” law and an income tax increase.  The bill would add three additional tax brackets and rates and would impose a flat tax on those filers making more than $500,000.  The bill also contains affiliate nexus/”Amazon” language.

MICHIGAN

Michigan Court of Appeals Finds Taxpayer Could Not Collaterally Attack Underlying Assessment

The Michigan Court of Appeals held that a taxpayer could not appeal a use tax assessment, as the sole shareholder and responsible corporate officer of a retailer, where the taxpayer’s appeal was untimely and where he was statutorily precluded from collaterally attacking the underlying assessment.

NEW JERSEY

New Jersey Legislature Passes “Amazon” Law

The New Jersey Assembly has passed legislation, A 2608, which would give Amazon.com a temporary sales tax collection exemption in exchange for job creation.  Pursuant to the bill, those retailers that make capital investments of at least $130 million and create at least 1,500 full-time jobs in the state would not have nexus until July 1, 2013.

New Jersey Legislature Passes Bill Expanding State’s Nexus Rules

The New Jersey Assembly passed legislation, A 2608, which would expand the state’s nexus rules by creating nexus for sellers that use in-state affiliates to perform activities to aid in business development or to maintain a New Jersey business market.  Moreover, the bill would create nexus for out-of-state businesses with distribution centers or subsidiaries in the state.

PENNSYLVANIA

Philadelphia DOR Releases 2012 KOZ Booklet

The Philadelphia Department of Revenue has released its 2012 Philadelphia Keystone Opportunity Zone Programs Booklet, which provides guidance on calculations, credits, two-factor apportionment formula, and more.

TENNESSEE

Tennessee General Assembly Approves Bill to Exempt Amazon from Tax

The Tennessee General Assembly passed legislation, HB 2370, which would temporarily exempt Amazon.com from collecting state sales tax.  Pursuant to the legislation, Amazon.com will build new facilities in the state and create thousands of jobs, in exchange for sales tax exemption through January 1, 2014.  The bill is now awaiting the Governor’s signature.

TEXAS

Texas Announces Amnesty Program Slated for June 2012

Texas has announced that it will offer a tax amnesty program for businesses, during which it will waive all interest and penalties for taxpayers that file or amend delinquent tax reports and pay all taxes due.  Reports originally due prior to April 1, 2012 are eligible, and the amnesty program will run from June 12 through August 17, 2012.

Weekly Update for 3/9: Arizona Rejects Amazon Legislation, While New Jersey Considers Implementing Amazon Law; Missouri Considers Amnesty Legislation; Pennsylvania Considers Closing the “Delaware Loophole”…and more.

March 12, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler

ARIZONA

Arizona Senate Rejects Proposed Amazon Legislation

The Arizona Senate rejected proposed Amazon legislation, SB 1338, which would have broadened Arizona’s definition of retailer to include any company with a warehouse in the state.

CALIFORNIA

California Revises Publication on Internet Sales, Incorporating eBooks and Apps

The California State Board of Equalization revised Publication 109 regarding Internet Sales, in order to provide guidance on the tax treatment of eBooks and apps.  According to the Publication, the transfer of a downloadable file such as an eBook or app is not a taxable transaction, without purchasing any physical storage medium.

GEORGIA

Georgia House Approves Legislation to Establish Tax Tribunal

The Georgia House of Representatives approved legislation, HB 100, which would establish a state Tax Tribunal in the state’s judicial branch.

ILLINOIS

Illinois Releases Information Letter of “Deal-of-the-Day” Transactions

The Illinois Department of Revenue issued an Information Letter providing guidance on the treatment of “Deal-of-the-Day” transactions.  For more detailed information, see the Information Letter.

IOWA

Iowa Court Grants Refund Relief for Illegal Taxation

The Iowa District Court ordered a refund of franchise fees that were collected in excess of the amount determined to be allowable for which the City of Des Moines could impose.  The court found that the refund was a constitutional remedy for the illegal taxation of the city’s residents.  The fact that the funds gathered from the illegal taxation were used wisely, legally and with the best intentions was not a defense.

MISSOURI

Missouri House Approves Amnesty Legislation

The Missouri House has approved legislation, HB 1030, which would offer a tax amnesty period, slated to run from August 1 to October 31, 2012.  The amnesty program would cover all taxes administered by the Department of Revenue and would waive penalties.  The amnesty program is projected to raise $75 million for the state.

NEW JERSEY

New Jersey Finds Nexus Based on Telecommuting Employee

The New Jersey Superior Court upheld a Tax Court ruling, which found that a foreign corporation was subject to the New Jersey Corporate Income Tax because it regularly and consistently permitted one of its employees to telecommute from her New Jersey residence.  Her full-time telecommuting was viewed as doing business in the state, thereby requiring the payment of the tax as well as the filing of corporate income tax returns in New Jersey.

New Jersey Introduces Amazon Legislation

Legislation, S 1762, has been introduced in New Jersey that would grant Amazon.com a temporary state sales tax collection exemption if it builds warehouses within the state.   Pursuant to the bill, distribution facilities built in the state after January 1, 2012 would not create nexus with the state until July 1, 2013, provided that Amazon.com creates at least 1,500 full-time jobs in the state and makes a capital investment exceeding $130 million.

New Jersey Court Affirms Value of Residential Property Where Owner’s Evidence was Insufficient

The New Jersey Tax Court affirmed the value of a residential property established by the assessment after finding that the owner’s evidence regarding comparable sales was insufficient to establish the true market value of the property.  Although the owner overcame the presumption of validity attached to the assessment of his property, he was unable meet his burden of proof with regard to establishing the true market value of the property.

NEW MEXICO

New Mexico Governor Vetoes Combined Reporting Legislation

New Mexico’s Governor vetoed legislation, SB 9, which would have established combined reporting in the state.  The bill would have required combined reporting for multistate retailers with a 30,000 square feet or large facility in New Mexico.  Additionally, it would have lowered the top corporate income tax rate from 7.6 percent to 7.5 percent.

PENNSYLVANIA

Pennsylvania Considers Legislation to Allow Counties to Institute Local Taxes to Reduce or Eliminate Property Tax

The Pennsylvania legislature is considering legislation, HB 2230, which would allow counties in the state to institute a local sales or income tax in order to reduce or eliminate the property tax.  Pursuant to the bill, county governments could ask voters to approve a sales or income tax, which would ultimately provide property tax relief.

Pennsylvania Considers Competing Legislation to Close “Delaware Loophole”

During January, legislation, HB 2150, was introduced that suggested a close to the “Delaware loophole.” For previous coverage of that bill, please click here.  Competing legislation is currently being drafted that will seek to create a broader add-back provision than that contained in HB 2150.

VIRGINIA

Virginia Governor Approves Legislation Phasing in Single-Sales-Factor

Virginia’s Governor has approved legislation, HB 154, which creates a phase-in of single-sales-factor apportionment for retailers.  The bill requires retailers to begin utilizing a triple-weighted sales factor beginning July 1, 2012 and a quadruple-weighted sales factor beginning July 1, 2012.  Finally, a single-sales-factor would be implemented beginning July 1, 2015.

WISCONSIN

Wisconsin Rules that Individual is Responsible for Portion of Company’s Tax Liabilities

The Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission held that an individual was responsible for a portion of a company’s sales tax and withholding tax liabilities.  The Commission reasoned that the evidence established that the individual maintained the title of president of the company, retained check-writing authority and participated on the board of directors.  As such the Commission found the individual to be a “responsible” person.

2011 Year-End SALT Update

January 6, 2012

 by Jennifer Weidler

ARIZONA

Arizona DOR Finds Nexus for Sales Representatives Providing Customer Support and Training

Of course it had nexus: Arizona DOR rules that corporation has substantial nexus due to presence of sales representatives who provide customer support and training.

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Arizona Prepares to Enact 30-day Tax Amnesty Program

August 18, 2011

  by Stewart Weintraub and Jennifer Weidler

Arizona is preparing to launch a tax amnesty program, slated to run from September 1, 2011 through October 1, 2011.  To participate in the program, taxpayers must file an original or amended return, an amnesty application, and pay in full any tax and interest due by October 1, 2011.  With the exception of the estate tax and property tax, the tax recovery program applies to every state and/or local tax obligation, including individual and corporate income tax, sales and use tax, withholding tax and partnership tax.  For annual tax filings, such as income tax, the program is available for years 2004 through 2009.  For those taxes filed monthly or quarterly, such as transaction privilege or withholding taxes, the program is available for tax periods 2005 through 2009.

Any individual or business with qualifying past due taxes for the years at issue is eligible for the program, subject to certain exclusions.  First, individuals or businesses currently being audited or who have completed an audit are ineligible to participate. Second, those taxpayers who have previously been the subject of a criminal investigation resulting in a conviction, guilty plea or plea of non contest are precluded from participation in the program.  Finally, taxpayers who have criminal investigations pending as of January 1, 2011, relating to fraud, failure to file or failure to pay any tax imposed by the state of Arizona are also ineligible to participate.

The benefits of participating in the Arizona amnesty program include a reduced interest rate for all taxes due for the periods covered by the application, an abatement of penalties, and the assurance that no civil, administrative or criminal actions will be brought against the taxpayer for the periods covered by the application.  Thus, Arizona taxpayers with past due taxes should consider participating in the program and should begin preparing to take advantage of the 30-day window of amnesty offered by the state.